3. Student Learning Map

  • Topic:02-Properties of Matter and Changes in Matter (Big Ideas 8 & 9)
  • Subject(s):Science
  • Days:23
  • Grade(s):5
Key Learning:  Everything in the universe is made of matter with unique properties.
Unit Essential Question(s):
 
 
How do unique properties of matter allow us to better understand the world around us?
   
Concept:  Matter and its Properties
Concept: Mixtures
Concept: Changes in Matter
Concept: Practice of Science - Experimenting With Matter
Concept:
Concept:
Vocabulary:

Vocabulary:

Additional Information:

Content Related Professional Development: www.learner.org/resources/series200.html

Sciencesaurus (blue)-by Great Source Education Group: Matter and its Properties - Pgs. 242 - 245;Pgs. 248 - 255. Physical Changes - Pgs. 246 - 247;Pgs. 260 -265. Mixtures - Pgs. 256 - 259. Chemical Changes - Pgs. 246 -247;Pgs. 266 - 267. Scientific investigation - Pgs. 2 - 25.

http://odyssey.polk-fl.net/childu/index.html >assignments >assignment builder >science 5 >scientific investigation

http://odyssey.polk-fl.net/childu/index.html >assignments >assignment builder >science 5 >changes in matter >construction of matter

FCAT 2.0 Science Test Item Specifications Grade 5- http://fcat.fldoe.org/fcat2/pdf/FL09G5Sci.pdf (Nature of Science pages 29-34;Properties of Matter/Changes in Matter pages 50-54)

Uncovering Student Ideas in Science-by Page Keeley: 

Properties of Matter: (Vol.1) Is it Matter? pp. 79 - 84; Is it Made of Molecules? pp. 85-90. (Vol. 3) Pennies, pp. 17 -23; Is it a Solid? pp. 26 -31.

Mass and Volume of Matter:  (Vol. 1)  Ice Cubes in a Bag, pp. 49 - 54;Lemonade, pp. 55 - 60;Seedlings in a Jar, pp. 67 -72. (Vol. 2) Comparing Cubes, pp. 19 -25. (Vol. 3) Floating Balloon, pp. 39 - 44. (Vol. 4) Burning Paper, pp. 23 -29.

Mixtures and Solutions: (Vol. 4) Sugar Water, pp. 11 -16.

Chemical Changes: (Vol. 1) The Rusty Nail, pp. 91-96. (Book 4) Nails in a Jar, pp. 31 - 37.

Practice of Science:(Vol. 3) Doing Science, pp. 93-100;(Book 3) What is a Hypothesis, pp. 101-108

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Acquisition Lesson:

1. How can mixtures of solids be separated? Teacher Instructional Focus: Separate mixtures based on physical properties such as particle size, shape, color, and magnetic attraction2. How do we recognize when a common material has dissolved in water? Teacher Instructional Focus: Suggested common materials:  salt, sugar, sand, oil, instant coffee, food coloring3. How can we use science tools to identify physical properties of matter that are measurable? Teacher Instructional Focus: length, width, mass, volume, temperature4. How can we identify physical properties of matter that are not measurable? Teacher Instructional Focus: state, shape, color, texture, odor, taste, color,magnetic attraction 5. What physical properties differentiate between solid, liquid and gas? Teacher Instructional Focus: Solid (definite shape, definite volume), Liquid (flow, definite volume), Gas (flow, indefinite volume)  6. How does temperature affect physical changes to water? Teacher Instructional Focus: Heated water changes from solid to liquid to gas.  Cooled water changes from gas to liquid to solid.   7. How does temperature affect chemical changes in matter? Teacher Instructional Focus: If a chemical change has more heat energy, it is more likely that a reaction will happen. More heat energy will also allow for a faster reaction in most chemical changes. (Examples:  decaying animal or plant matter, burning, cooking)               8. How do we recognize chemical changes in matter?  Teacher Instructional Focus: Indicators of chemical change may include: color change, bubbles, odor, temperature change, new physical property  

Extending Thinking Lesson:

1. What conditions speed up or slow down the dissolving process? (Constructing Support) Teacher Instructional Focus: Limited to temperature, stirring, varying surface areas (see attached-ET#2)2. How do we use collected data to compare and contrast the physical properties of matter? (Compare/Contrast) Teacher Instructional Focus: Students record physical properties data on a spreadsheet (see attached-ET#1) and use the data to compare/contrast with other students3. How can I use evidence to categorize a change as physical or chemical? (Inductive Reasoning) Teacher Instructional Focus: (See attached-ET#3)4. How do we use the practice of science to answer questions about matter?  (Constructing Support) Teacher Instructional Focus: Most units will culminate with a content-related scientific experiment. (IMPORTANT: See attached-ET#4 & Practice of Science Template)

Vocabulary Report

  • mass - the amount of matter in an object or substance
  • mixture - a combination of two or more substances that do not form a new substance
  • experiment - a systematic method for testing a hypothesis
  • chemical change - the process by which substances are changed into different substances with different properties
  • dissolve - to form a solution with another substance
  • empirical evidence - observations or measurements, gained through experimentation, used to validate a hypothesis
  • condensation - the process by which water is changed from a gas (water vapor) to a liquid
  • volume - the amount of space that an object or substance takes up
  • evaporation - the process by which water is changed from a liquid to a gas (water vapor)
  • inference - an explanation based on evidence that is not directly observed
  • solid - a state of matter in which the substance has a definite shape and a definite volume
  • opinion - a personal view or judgment
  • physical change - a type of change that involves the physical properties of a substance
  • liquid - a state of matter in which the substance has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container
  • gas - a state of matter in which the substance takes both the shape AND the volume of its container
  • investigation - a collection of data
  • melting - the process by which a substance changes from a solid to a liquid
  • boiling - the process by which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas by adding heat
  • replicable - To repeat, copy, or duplicate
  • physical property - a property that can be observed, measured, or changed without changing the substance itself
  • freezing - the process by which a substance changes from a liquid to a solid
  • matter - anything that takes up space and has mass
  • state of matter - the form matter can take
  • texture - a physical property of a solid used to describe its surface
  • temperature - the average speed of the particles in a substance