3. Student Learning Map

  • Topic:3. Personal Narrative
  • Subject(s):English Language Arts
  • Days:30
  • Grade(s):4
Key Learning:  The elements and structure of narrative writing.
Unit Essential Question(s):
How do you create a personal narrative?
Concept:  Focus
Concept: Content
Concept: Organization
Lesson Essential Question(s):

How do I choose a personal narrative topic that fits my task and audience?  I choose my topic by brainstorming ideas; considering my task, audience, and the amount of relevant details.


What are the characteristics of a personal narrative? The characteristics of a personal narrative include: a topic from the writer's past, supporting details that answer the 5 W's (Who, What, Where, Why, and When), and often the presence of dialogue.

Lesson Essential Question(s):

How do writers use dialogue in a personal narrative?  Writers use dialogue in personal narrative by inserting appropriate dialogue throughout the story to show the speaker's personality, add details, and keep the action moving.  (A)
How do writers use literary elements in personal narratives?  Writers use literary elements in personal narratives by including characters, setting, and plot in the narrative to answer the 5 W's (who, what, where, why, when). (A)
How do writers use literary devices in personal narratives?  Writers use literary devices in personal narratives such as simile, personification, and onomatopoeia to create images for the reader. (A)
Lesson Essential Question(s):

 How do I organize my personal narrative? I organize my personal narrative with a beginning, middle, and end. (A)
How do I begin writing my personal narrative?  A writer begins a personal narrative with an introductory paragraph that introduces a personal experience.  This paragraph includes a topic sentence and an attention getter. (A)
What do I include in the middle part of my narrative. A writer includes sensory details, dialogue, personal feelings, and transitions in the body of the narrative. (A)
How do writers bring their narratives to a close?  A writer brings their narrative to a close by explaining how the experience made them feel, by explaining how the experience changed them, or by sharing what they learned from it.  This should include a closing sentence. (A)
Additional Information:


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Acquisition Lesson:

Vocabulary Report

  • personal narrative - A form of writing that sheds light on a true story from your life
  • attention getter - a sentence or phrase that grabs the readers attention
  • dialogue -
  • sensory details - details that help the reader hear, see, smell, taste, or touch what is being described
  • quotation marks - marks used to enclose the exact words of the speaker, to show that words are used in a special way, and to puncuate some titles
  • narrative - writting that tells a story
  • dialogue - written conversation between two or more people
  • literary devices - special devices used in literature to make comparisons or create a particular sound in the language
  • 5Ws - who, what, where, when, why
  • literary elements - the elements of literature: character, setting, plot, theme
  • simile - a comparison between two things using the words like or as
  • personification  - an animal, object, or idea is given human qualities such as the ability to cry, feel, talk, and make decisions
  • onomatopoeia - the use of words that sound like the noises they describe