3. Student Learning Map

  • Topic:05-Haircutting
  • Subject(s):Vocations
  • Days:20
  • Grade(s):10, 11, 12
Key Learning:

There are various tools and techniques used in creating different haircuts.

Unit Essential Question(s):
What are the basic skills and techniques that I need to learn in order to have a solid foundation of basic haircutting skills?
Additional Information:


Vocabulary Report

  • apex -

    highest point on the top of the head

  • shears -

    mainly used to cut blunt or straight lines in hair

  • beveling -

    technique using diagonal lines by cutting hair ends with a slight increase or decrease in length

  • blunt haircut -

    haircut in which all the hair comes to one hanging level, forming a weight line or area; hair is cut with no elevation or over-direction; also referred to as one-length, zero-elevation, or no-elevation cut

  • reference points -

    points on the head that mark where the surface of the head changes or the behavior of the hair changes, such as ears, jawline, occipital bone, apex, and so on; used to design lines that are proportionate

  • razor -

    haircutting tool that can be used for an entire haircut or for detailing and texturizing

  • carving -

    haircutting technique done by placing the still blade into the hair and resting it on the scalp, and then moving the shears through the hair while opening and partially closing the shears

  • sections -

    to divide the hair by parting into uniform working areas for control

  • texturizing (thinning) shears -

    haircutting tool mainly used to remove bulk from the hair

  • clipper-over-comb -

    haircutting technique similar to scissor-over-comb, except that the clippers move sided to side across the comb rather than bottom to top

  • clippers -

    haircutting tool mainly used when creating short haircuts, short tapers, fades, and flat tops

  • crown -

    area of the head between the apex and back of the parietal ridge

  • scissor-over-comb -

    haircutting technique in which the hair is held in place with the comb while the tips of the scissors are used to remove the lengths

  • nape -

    back part of the neck; the hair below the occipital bone

  • trimmers -

    a smaller version of clippers, mainly used to remove excess or unwanted hair at the neckline and around the ears, and create crisp outlines

  • occipital bone -

    hindmost bone of the skull, below the parietal bones; forms the back of the skull above the nape

  • cross-checking -

    parting the haircut in the opposite way from which you cut it, to check for precision of line and shape

  • four corners -

    points on the head that signal a change in the shape of the head, from flat to round or vice versa

  • elevation -

    angle or degree at which a subsection of hair is held, or lifted, from the head when cutting; also referred to as projection or lifting

  • notching -

    version of point cutting in which the tips of the scissors are moved toward the hair ends rather than into them; creates a chunkier effect

  • head form -

    shape of the head, which greatly affects the way the hair falls and behaves; also called the head shape

  • distribution -

    where and how hair is moved over the head

  • graduation -

    elevation occurs when a section is lifted above 0 degrees

  • guideline -

    sections of hair, located either at the perimeter or the interior of the cut, that determines the length the hair will be cut; also referred to as a guide; usually the first section that is cut to create a shape

  • layers -

    create movement and volume in the hair by releasing weight

  • over-direction -

    combing a section away from its natural falling position, rather than straight out from the head, toward a guideline; used to create increasing lengths in the interior or perimeter

  • perimeter -

    outer line of a hairstyle

  • point cutting -

    haircutting technique in which the tips of the shears are used to cut "points" into the ends of the hair

  • slicing -

    technique that removes bulk and adds movement through the lengths of the hair; the shears are not completely closed, and only the portion of the blades near the pivot is used

  • slide cutting -

    method of cutting or thinning the hair in which the fingers and shears glide along the edge of the hair to remove length

  • slithering -

    process of thinning the hair to graduated lengths with shears; cutting the hair with a sliding movement of the shears while keeping the blades partially opened; also called effilating

  • tapers -

    haircutting effect in which there is an even blend from very short at the hairline to longer lengths as you move up to the head; "to taper" is to narrow progressively at one end

  • tension -

    amount of pressure applied when combing and holding a section, created by stretching or pulling the section

  • texturizing -

    removing excess bulk without shortening the length; changing the appearance or behavior of the hair through specific haircutting techniques, using shears, thinning shears, or a razor

  • weight line -

    visual "line" in the haircut, where the ends of the hair hang together